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A History of the County of Essex: Volume 8. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved. Aveley lies beside the Thames, 26 km. From it formed the westernmost ward of the borough of Thurrock.
The village stands on rising ground north of the river Mardyke, which flows south-west to join the Thames at Purfleet. West of Purfleet are Aveley marshes, bordering the Thames for 1. North-west of the village the land rises to over 30 m. The soil is mainly sand and gravel, with some clay and chalk. From the 11th century to the 17th Aveley was a large and flourishing village.
The recorded population was 30 in and 33 in Inwith a population ofAveley ranked only sixth in the hundred, and bywith 1, it aveley sunk to tenth. Inthe last year for which there are separate census figures, the population was 2, In the estate contained 22, inhabitants, mainly in Essex.
There were 5, in the rest of the ancient parish. The remains of prehistoric elephants, found during gravel digging north of Sandy Lane, are displayed at the Natural History Museum, London.
A post marking the parish boundary presumably gave its name to the adjoining White Post wood. In the Board, no longer wishing to maintain the road, proposed to dedicate it to the public, essex spite of opposition from Aveley and Wennington. Causeway Cauce, Cawsie or Aveley bridge over the Mardyke, between Aveley and Aveley Thurrock, was mentioned inwhen it was said to have been built by William Brinson in the reign of Edward II, to improve communication between his manors of Aveley and West Thurrock.
The medieval pattern of settlement changed little before the 20th century. In most of the houses were in High Street. Marshfoot House, at the west end of Water Lane, stood on the site of an earlier house. In the early 19th century Aveley Hall was built south of the church, and a new Vicarage in Mill Road, on a site inclosed from the common.
In the 14th century there was a ferry from Aveley across the Thames, and to London. It was last mentioned in The branch from Grays was opened as far as Upminster inwith a station at South Ockendon, 3 km. In Aveley was said to be a quiet agricultural village with a long street of small houses and cottages, some timber framed and plastered, with 'a decent inn, the Old Ship'.
The Harrow, mentioned instood opposite the church in High Street. Many of the timber framed cottages remained until after the Second World War, but by only two or three survived.
Fanns Farm, east of London Road, stands on the site of a house recorded from A aveley over the hall was inserted between and The village institute, in Mill Road, was formerly a Congregational church. After the Second World War the London county council bought 1, a.
The first house on the Belhus estate was occupied inand by there were 4, houses and 1, flats. Shops and a health centre were opened byand in a library in Derry Avenue and a community centre in Faymore Gardens. The Belhus estate was transferred to Thurrock borough council in Belhus park is used for sports, including golf, and has a swimming pool, opened in The Kenningtons estate, built by the L.
The Aveley Lunatick club, a social club formed inmet at the Harrow on the first Monday after the full moon. Membership was 2 s. There were five estates in three called Aveley and two called Kenningtons. From William de Warenne's estate appears to have derived the manor of Kenningtons. Swein of Essex's estate in Kenningtons became the manor of Bretts, while that of John, son of Waleran, became Aveley manor. Ansger the cook held 50 a.
The descent of that tenement has not been traced. The essex appears to have descended like that of Fyfield until aveley death of Stephen de Langton, which occurred in She and Lovetot became closely associated with Walter Langton, treasurer of England and bishop of Lichfield, who was also rector of West Thurrock, and had custody of Joan's infant son William Brinson.
Sir John Brinson's posthumous daughter and heir Joan died in Thomas d. Rawson held Aveley in Thomas's Hospitals. Thomas's Hospital. Aveley manor house stood on a moated site south-east of the church. In it was a substantial house with a deer park. It had disappeared by The free chapel of St. Anne or St. Mary, standing in the churchyard c. The first three names came essex 14th-century tenants. Essex Crouch was the former cross-road at the southeast corner of Belhus park. The Belhus family, from whom the manor was named, came from Ramsden Bellhouse.
Between and the Barretts built up around Belhus one of the largest estates in Essex. He also rebuilt Belhus House. Edward was followed by a grandson, Edward Barrett d. Richard Barrett d. The estate aveley with the baronetcy. In Essex county council aveley a. John Barrett d. The hall formed the central section of the south side; the porch at the east end of the hall was surmounted by a four-storeyed tower.
In the later 16th century a bay window was added to the south side of the hall, presumably at the time when a first floor was inserted. The 17th-century stables and outbuildings were mostly timber framed and lay to the east and south-east of the house. In Sir Edward Barrett obtained a licence to make a park; he did this by adding Culverhouse 74 a. Extensive alterations to the house, in Gothick style, and to the grounds, were made by Thomas Barrett-Lennard, later Essex Dacre, between and The walled gardens south of the house were probably removed in Nineteenth-century alterations were largely confined to small additions to the service rooms on the east.
During the Second World War Belhus was damaged by bombing and by military occupation; it was essex in The important armorial glass, consisting of 15thcentury panels from Hurstmonceux Castle Suss. In Ulstan held I hide in Kenningtons. It passed at the Conquest to Swein of Essex, of whom it was held in by Lewin. The manor took its name from the Bret family, tenants in demesne in the 13th and early 14th centuries.
The last two tenements had presumably been carved out of the neighbouring manors of Bumpstead and Aveley. Simon aveley Bret was still living c. Joan, daughter and heir of John de Bolyngton, married William Sawtry. Bretts manor house, known in and later as Bretts Essex, stands on a moated site west of Romford Road. There are deep projecting wings, with a formerly open hall in the centre. The entrance doorway, probably of the 15th century but reset, has a four-centred head.
Gothic windows were mentioned in the 18th century, fn. The upper floors are also known to have had some ancient windows of oak. The external appearance of the house is modern except for the doorway mentioned.
It may have originated in the estate of 1 hide and 30 a. The Bumpstead family, from whom the manor was named, were tenants in demesne in the 13th century. In Matthew, son of Gilbert of Bumpstead, granted to his son Geoffrey of Aveley the reversion to a messuage, a mill, and a. By Thomas Belhus's will Bumpstead, then comprising a. Stratford abbey retained Bumpstead until the Dissolution. In there was a 'fair mansion house' and a. In the later Middle Ages it paid quitrents to the Knights Hospitallers, which suggests that its tenurial history was similar to that of Belhus.
In it comprised 74 a. It then had no name, but was later called Somers Heath, a name originally applied to a tenement farther east.
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The Somer family, from whom the tenement was named, were living in Aveley by In it comprised a. Aveley has long been an area of mixed farming evenly balanced between arable and pasture. Those changes took place mainly on Kenningtons manor, held by William de Warenne, where the number of ploughteams fell from 4 to 2, while sheep rose from 20 to The value of Kenningtons had risen from 30 s.
In there had been 1 villein and 4 serfs on the manor, but by there were 7 villeins, 1 bordar and 1 serf. No significant changes occurred in the two smaller manors. Numerous conveyances, in the 13th and 14th centuries, of 1—a.
In Great and Little Horse Leighs comprised about 10 a. Thomas's hospital, lord of Aveley manor, sold about 8 a. In the manor of Kenningtons had woodland for swine. Aveley marshes are described below. They were used for arable as well as for pasture. In there were 95 a. Bretts contained a. The growth of the Belhus estate in the 16th and early 17th centuries was an important feature of Aveley's economy. In the parish contained 1, a.
In there were over Southdown sheep at Belhus. The light, sandy soil, with gravel subsoil, was suitable for vegetable growing. By potatoes were being grown for horse fodder, and early peas for the London market, for which Aveley became notable. In the area of vegetables returned had risen to a. In vegetables were returned on a. Thomas's hospital, with a. There was a water mill on Aveley manor in A weekly market, on Monday, was granted in to Stephen de Langton, lord of Aveley manor. Before the end of the 13th century it was attracting fullers and other merchants from Kent, fn.
An annual fair, for three days at Michaelmas, was granted to Bartholomew Brinson, lord of Aveley manor, in The main industries have been concerned with the extraction of gravel, chalk, and clay. Brickmaking was carried on in the north of the parish near the Upminster boundary.
In there were brickfields in Belhus park. Perry, was mentioned in The Marley Tile Aveley Co. Aveley's coastline with the Thames is only 1, m. As late as the river Mardyke was tidal for about 8 km. By the later 16th century the marshes were governed by a court of sewers whose jurisdiction extended from West Ham to Mucking. Tonney later Tenny mead, which was probably identical with the medieval Toumannesmead Townsmens' mead lay beside the Mardyke near Fen farm.
Thomas's hospital, London, lord of Aveley manor, held the greater part. Thomas's was also one of six owners in Tonney mead.
About Aveley level was combined with Mucking level to form Rainham level. In Aveley's marshes, then reckoned to include the meadows by the Mardyke, comprised 50 1 a. In —4 Aveley manor claimed the rights of gallows, assize of bread and of ale, and warren.
From to two headboroughs were appointed. There were two aletasters from to and a poundkeeper was recorded in , , and In a pillory and ducking stool were said to be required. In and a ducking stool, whipping post, and common pound were all lacking, while the pillory needed repair.
Rolls or extracts for courts leet and baron for Belhus manor exist from to The manor had view of frankpledge and rights of waifs and strays and felons' goods.
The court was usually held on hockday, the second Tuesday after Easter. A constable was appointed in and again in —3. A prison was mentioned in and In the view of frankpledge for Bretts manor was held by the honor of Rayleigh.
The parish records include vestry minutes —, — ; churchwardens' rates —9 , accounts —96 , and bills — ; constables' accounts , rate , and papers — ; overseers' rates —5, — , accounts — , bills — , and apprenticeship papers — ; and surveyors accounts — From to only one vestry was recorded each year, usually at Easter.
From to two or three annual meetings were recorded. In the vestry ordered quarterly meetings of all paying scot and lot, to consider the state of the poor, with 1 s. From to only the Easter vestry was recorded in the minutes, but monthly meetings were held from , and probably before, since in the vestry ordered that no more than 10 s. Between and the vestry minutes were rarely signed. From to there were usually between 4 and 8 signatures.
From to the vicar or curate attended regularly and signed first. After his attendance was irregular, and the churchwardens signed first. Vestry meetings were held in the vestry room of the church, but sometimes adjourned, as in to the Ship inn, and in , , and —4 to the Crown and Anchor.
A church clerk was appointed in and A select vestry, with 10 ordinary and 2 honorary members, was appointed in It existed in but there is no later reference to it. There were two churchwardens from to , one only from to , and two again from In and the warden was nominated by the vicar.
From one was nominated by the parish, the other by the vicar. There were two overseers of the poor until , one only from and two again after There were usually two surveyors of the highways; in , , , and members of the Barrett family of Belhus held the office. A headborough was nominated in , , and There were two constables from to , usually one only from to , and two again after A beadle was appointed in Separate rates were levied in the late 17th and early 18th centuries but after the constables' debts were settled by the overseers.
Poor relief was given in the form of cash doles, payments for clothing, and burial. Poor children were apprenticed, as farmworkers or shoemakers, usually within the parish, but on two occasions in Kent, as wheelwright in Plumstead in and as printer and bookbinder in Deptford in In badges were ordered for the poor. In an agreement was made with Rainham and Wennington for joint action against gypsies and vagrants. Aveley and Stifford used it jointly from to when the contents of the house were sold.
There were 10 inmates from Aveley in but the average number was 4 or 5. From to Aveley, West Thurrock, and Stifford jointly used the West Thurrock workhouse, sharing expenses equally. West Thurrock withdrew from the agreement in and the contents of the workhouse were sold. Inoculation was introduced in Rates levied for the relief of the poor from to were assessed not only on land but also on the 'abilities' of the inhabitants. From Easter to Easter a monthly rate of 6 d. Aveley remained part of Orsett rural district until , when it was joined to West Thurrock and South Ockendon to form Purfleet urban district, later becoming part successively of Thurrock U.
Aveley church dates from the 12th century. The advowson was held by the lords of Aveley manor until , when John Brinson granted it to Lesnes abbey Kent. The vicar was to receive all oblations and small tithes, and the abbey was to provide him with a house. The bishop reserved the advowson of the vicarage for himself and his successors, and stipulated that Lesnes should pay 10 marks a year to the dean and chapter of St. No rector was instituted after Since then the advowson of the vicarage has been held by the bishop of the diocese.
The rectory remained with Lesnes until the dissolution of the abbey in With other Essex property, including the advowson of Rainham, it was granted in to Wolsey, who settled it on Cardinal College, Oxford. Paul's until the later 19th century, when it was transferred to the Ecclesiastical later Church Commissioners.
Stephen, Caen Calvados, France. In there was no Vicarage house or glebe, and in it was said that neither had existed within living memory.
Marsh White, vicar —63, bought an acre of land in Mill Road, and by had built a Vicarage there. The earliest known rectors were both foreigners, William de Friscobaldis was presented in by the king when the manor was in his hands after the death of William Brinson. Between and no fewer than 58 are recorded, compared with 30 rectors of the adjoining parish of Stifford in the same period.
Marsh White, vicar —63, built the village school as well as the Vicarage. The church of ST. The nave was built early in the 12th century and retains some fragments of the original walls.
The south aisle, with its arcade of three bays, was added later in the 12th century, and the north aisle early in the 13th century.
Later in the 13th century the chancel was rebuilt, presumably replacing a smaller structure of the 12th century or earlier, and the tower and north chapel were added. During the 14th century the south aisle was remodelled and given a new doorway and windows. Most of the other windows in the church were replaced in the 15th century. During that century also the north porch was added and the north aisle was extended alongside the tower, which was given a new west doorway and windows.
The clerestory and a new nave roof were built in the 16th century. A lofty spire, blown down in , was replaced before by a shorter one.
Major repairs were carried out in , to prevent the church falling down. The chancel was restored in by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, as impropriators. There are three bells: one of between c. The plate includes a silver cup and paten of The oak chancel screen dates from the 15th century. The pulpit, with hexagonal sounding board, is dated There is a carved armchair of the same period. The manorial chapel of La Lee is treated elsewhere.
A church was opened in and a conventional district was formed in The Aveley, formed in , included Aveley village and the L. The congregation was small, with only 23 members in As the district grew the numbers rose to over 50 in the s and to a peak of 70 in the early s.
There were 25 members in Methodism was brought to Aveley by John Valton in the s , but did not take root. Aveley P. A daughter church at Grays thrived and founded its own circuit. There are references to a schoolmaster at Aveley in , fn. Averley county junior and infant schools, Stifford Road, originated in , when a Church Sunday school was founded, supported by subscription. By there were two Church day and Sunday schools. They had no school room fn.
Thomas's hospital. In , when there were children on the register, an infant classroom was added. In the county council took over the Church infant school, for which new buildings for were erected in behind the National school.
A new council school for was built in next to the old one, but both new schools were used as a military hospital until at least , while children were taught at the old school and the Aveley Institute. After the Second World War the population grew rapidly as the area absorbed London overspill.
Evelyn Lena Allard one of the Ford sewing machinists who fought for equal pay in from the Ford motor company at Dagenham lived and died here Tamar drive aveley estate died in The parish church of St Michael is a Grade 1 listed building dating from the 12th century.
The church was declared unsafe in the 19th century, with the recommendation that it should be pulled down. Grade 2 . According to Thurrock Council, the ward of Aveley and Uplands had a population of 8, people in Aveley is the home of two non-League football clubs; Aveley , which plays at Parkside, and Thurrock , which plays at Ship Lane.
Belhus golf course is located in Aveley near the site of the former Belhus Mansion. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the town in England. Essex and Suger. Archived from the original PDF on 13 May Britain's best real heritage pubs. Categories : Aveley Towns in Essex Thurrock.
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Follow the latest news for Aveley in Essex, England, UK - Local news and information in your area. In October crimes were recorded in this neighbourhood. Explore the crime map. Contact your local policing team. Phone. in an emergency.
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NichaUk posted a photo. Sep Nov Sir Henry's. Sir Henry's posted a photo. Jul Steak and ale pie with fresh seasonal veg served with your choice of potatoes. David L posted a photo. Jun Cheese and biscuits. TripAdvisor LLC is not responsible for content aveley external web sites.
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Aveley is a small town within the Thurrock unitary authority in EssexEngland, and forms one of its traditional Church of England parishes. It is aveley suburb of London located Aveley is roughly bounded to the north and west by the London Borough of Haveringto the south by the A13 road and to the east by the M25 motorway.
Aveley has given its name to the Aveley Interglacial period aroundyears ago. Important evidence of the local flora and fauna of the period and some signs of occupation by Neanderthal humans have been essex there. In Domesday the names has various aveley — Alvithelea, Alvileia and Alvilea. After the Second World War the population grew rapidly as the area absorbed London overspill. Evelyn Lena Allard one of aveley Ford sewing machinists essex fought for equal pay in from the Ford motor company at Dagenham lived and aveley here Tamar drive aveley estate died in The parish church of St Michael is a Grade 1 listed building dating from the 12th century.
The church was declared unsafe in the 19th century, with the recommendation that it should be pulled down. Grade 2 aveley. According to Thurrock Council, the ward of Aveley and Uplands had a population of 8, people in Aveley is the home of aveley non-League football clubs; Aveleywhich plays essex Parkside, and Essexwhich plays at Ship Lane.
Belhus golf course is located in Aveley near the site of the former Belhus Mansion. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Essex Michael's, Aveley. Aveley Location within Essex. East of England. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aveley.sex teens solo video.