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The ages of consent vary by jurisdiction across Europe. The ages of consent are currently set between 14 and The vast majority of countries set their ages in the alws of 14 to 16; only three countries, Cyprus 17Ireland 17Turkey 18 do not fit into this pattern. The laws can also stipulate the specific activities that are permitted or differentially specify the age at which a given sex can participate.

Below is a discussion of the various alws dealing with this subject. The highlighted age is that sed which a young person can be lawfully engaged in a non-commercial sexual act by an older one, regardless of their age difference, provided the older one is not in a position of power, a relative, or commits another form of exploitation such as lawd of power, immaturity or dependence.

In some jurisdictions, notably Italy and Hungarythere are exemptions lws when the age difference between them is within prescribed bounds. All jurisdictions in Europe, except the Vaticanhave equal and gender-neutral age limits. The below is a list of all jurisdictions in Europe as listed in List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Europe. Neither the European Union nor the Council of Europe have suggested any specific age of consent, and there has not been any effort so far to standardize the age across member states.

However, most countries in Europe now have binding legal obligations in regard to the sexual abuse of children under The Lanzarote Convention[1] which came fe effect inobligates the countries that ratify it to criminalize certain acts concerning children under 18, such as the involvement of such children in prostitution and pornography.

Other acts that oaws be criminalized include:. The age of consent is called "the legal age for sexual activities" and must be chosen by states at the age they see fit. No specific age is recommended. As of Octoberthe convention has been ratified by 45 dd, while another 3 states have signed but not yet ratified the convention. Different jurisdictions express these definitions differently.

Some, like most Australian states, may say the age of consent fe 16 except if the older partner is in a position of authority lawe the younger one. So, eex, the unrestricted age of consent there is Others, like Argentina, may say the age of consent is 18, but an exception is made down to 13 years of age, if the older partner is not in a position of authority over the younger one.

The data below reflects what each jurisdiction's legislation actually means, rather than what it states on the surface. Sincethe age of consent in Albania is 14regardless of gender and sexual orientation. The age of consent in Andorra is 14as specified by Article of the penal code, which reads: 1 " Whoever carries out a sexual sxe with a person younger than fourteen years As specified by Articles andit is illegal - regardless of age - for a person occupying a position of authority or superiority over a person to engage in sexual activity with them, or when it involves the abuse of trust or situation of need or dependence.

The penalty is more severe when the subject is below the age of Sexual intercourse or other sexual acts with a person obviously under sex, by a person who reached 18 years of age, in the absence of elements of crime envisaged in Articlesor of this Code, is punished with correctional labor for the term of up to 2 years, or with imprisonment for the term ,aws up to 2 years.

The general age of consent in Austria is 14as specified by Section [7] of the penal code. Paragraph 4 of Section defines a close-in-age exception of maximum three years. HoweverSection b [9] of the penal code contains an exception swx the general age of consent: if one of the partners is younger than 16 years of age and "not sufficiently mature to understand the significance of the act", then the act is punishable. The offence "initiating sexual contacts with minors under 14 through the use of computer system" is punishable by two years' imprisonment Section a Penal Code.

The Austrian Criminal Code previously specified 18 as the age lads consent for male homosexual sex in which the other partner was aged 14—18, while no equivalent provision existed for heterosexual sexual conduct; this was Section of the Criminal Code.

In Novemberan sex was put before the Austrian Parliament to remove Section ; but the vote ended in a draw, and the amendment failed to pass. In Julya similar amendment was put forward; it was voted down by the conservative majority. Section came into force when homosexuality between males fe legal in The Section was later repealed on 14 August Sexual intercourse with the person below the age of 16 years, as well as the same offences linked with satisfaction of sexual passion in perverted forms shall be punished by imprisonment d to 3 years.

The age of consent in Belarus is 16as specified by Articles and alws, which read: " Sexual relations, sodomy, lesbian lxws or other actions of sexual character of an adult, reached eighteen years of age, with a person who obviously has not reached sixteen years of age, at absence of attributes of the crimes stipulated by articles and present codes, are punished by restriction of wex of two years to four years or df imprisonment of two years to five years.

The Belgian Criminal Code previously specified an age of consent of 18 for homosexual sex. This provision - Article bis - was added in and repealed in Sexual activity zex children younger than 14 is illegal under Articlewhich prohibits laws acts with a "child", and a "child" is defined in Xex 2 8 as a person under However, Article mentions a "juvenile" who is defined in Article 2 9 as a person under 18, although it is lawss clear if this article refers only to sexual acts performed in view of a minor kaws 18 or if it can be used also to punish sexual acts performed with the minor: [14].

The age of consent in Bulgaria is 14as specified by Articles and 1. However, Article 2 has a provision for those who are over 14 and do "not understand the characteristics or the importance of the act":. The age of consent for all sexual conduct in Croatia lws the new Criminal Code in force since 1 January is 15regardless of sexual orientation or gender, regulated by Article Before the yearthe legal age of consent in Croatia was Age of consent was equalised in The age of consent for all sexual conduct in Cyprus under the Criminal Code is 17regardless of sexual orientation or gender.

Untilhomosexual acts between men were entirely forbidden fe Section Inthe Court held that the prohibition lawss homosexual acts was wex violation of Article 8.

In Januarythe Cypriot Government introduced a Bill in the Cypriot Parliament that would have abolished the ban. The European Commission repeated its warning that Cyprus must follow the Court's ruling. In Mayagain a government measure to repeal the ban failed because of the strength of the opposition. In Aprilthe Council of Europe set a deadline for compliance of 29 May and on 21 Maythe House of Representatives voted 36 to 8 in laes legalising homosexual acts.

However it dw set at 18 while heterosexual acts remained at Inunder pressure from the EU [16] the parliament finally ended the disparate provisions and changed the age of consent to 17 for both heterosexual and homosexual acts, under the revised Criminal Code.

For both of these Sovereign Base Areas British military enclaves on the island ve Cyprus, the age of consent is The age of sexual consent in the Czech Republic is This also ssex cases when there is any kind of trust or dependence, for example, teacher-student, employer-employee, etc.

The Austrian Penal Code was replaced in Czechoslovakia in Around andthe lowering of the limits of criminal responsibility as well as sexual restriction? Both changes were criticized. Untilhomosexual sexual intercourse was illegal in Czechoslovakia.

Between adults, payment receipt or provision and public nuisance? The age of consent in the Kingdom of Denmark is 15 fe specified by Section [20]. In determining the penalty, it shall be an aggravating circumstance if the perpetrator has gained intercourse by exploiting his physical or mental superiority.

Sectionpart 1, reads: "Any person who has sexual intercourse with any child under 18, who is said person's adopted child, stepchild or foster child, or who is entrusted to said person for education or upbringing, will be liable to imprisonment for any term not exceeding four years.

The laws in the Faroe Islands and Greenland are equivalent although regulated in separate penal codes for these autonomous countries. Male homosexual acts were legalised in Denmark lesbianism was never illegal with an age of consent sex at 18, after a major reform of the Penal Code in ; At the same time, the age of consent for heterosexual acts was raised from 12 to In sxe, the age of consent was harmonized at 15 for all acts [ citation needed ].

Sex with a child under the age of 12 results in double punishment, laes sex with a minor under 18 is illegal for a person in charge of this child.

Until"acts against nature" [anal intercourse] were punishable with the stakes. However, until the late 18th century the rule was never used, and, when laws came into rule, the convicts were always pardoned to 7 years in jail. InDenmark became the first country to legalise pictorial pornography[21] but this did not affect laws related to the age of people participating in its production.

Consequently, the legal age of laws 15 equaled the limit ce pornography produced within the country, but material produced in other countries where the Danish consent law does not apply was not covered and therefore legal. Section defines rape as "Sexual intercourse with a person against his or her will by using force or taking advantage of a situation in ssx the person is not capable of initiating resistance or comprehending the situation"" [25] ; ses Section reads:.

When regaining independence from USSR inthe age of consent for male homosexual intercourse was set at 16, whereas the age for heterosexual intercourse was The age of consent was harmonized in when Estonia adopted laws first Penal Code after restoring its independence, specifying an age of 14 for sexual intercourse.

The sex of consent in Finland is 16as specified by Section 6 1 Sexual abuse of a childwhich reads: laqs person who has sexual intercourse with a child laws than sixteen years of age The sexual act may not be punishable if "there is no great difference in the ages or the mental and physical maturity of the persons involved". The age is 18 when in connection with a person who has some formal power over the young person, like a school teacher.

Untilhomosexual acts were prohibited. After decriminalisation, the age of consent was set to 18 for homosexual acts and 16 for heterosexual acts. The age of consent is therefore Article prohibits the "organisation by an adult of meetings involving indecent exposure or sexual relations knowing that minors are present or participating".

Minors refers to under lawss the text sex the article sex be subject to interpretation. Article prohibits the "soliciting of a minor under the age of fifteen, or a person pretending to be such minor, for sexual purposes through the use of a computer system".

Male homosexual acts were illegal untilwhen the ancient sodomy laws were dropped from the Criminal Code of that year. This continued to be the case under the Napoleonic Code of laws The age of consent was set at 11 in and at 13 in Inthe age of consent for homosexual acts was set at 21, while for heterosexual acts it was still The latter was lasw to 15 in Inthe age for homosexual acts was lowered to Init was lowered to 15, seex line with that for heterosexual acts.

The laws of consent in Germany is 14as long as a person over the age of 21 does not exploit a to year-old person's lack of capacity for sexual self-determination, in which case a conviction of an individual over the age of 21 requires a complaint from the younger individual; being over 21 and engaging in sexual relations with a minor of that age does not constitute an sex by itself.

Otherwise the age of consent is 16, although provisions protecting minors against abuse apply until the age of 18 under Section 1 : it is illegal to engage in sexual activity with a person under 18 "by taking advantage of an exploitative situation" [35].

This is specified llaws Sections Sexual abuse of children and Sexual abuse of youths of the Penal Code, which read:. The current rules for age of sex in Germany were set laws a post-reunification penal law reform in In West Germany the latter rule was kept, with minor changes in Unblemishedness was no longer required, and the court could oaws from punishment if the offender was under 21 years of age.

The German Democratic Republicby contrast, created a new socialist criminal code ed


The age of consent is the age at which a person is considered to be legally competent to consent to sexual acts. Consequently, an adult who engages in sexual activity with a person younger than the age of consent cannot claim that the sexual activity was consensualand such sexual activity may be considered child sexual abuse or statutory rape.

The person below the minimum lasw is regarded as the victim and their sex partner is regarded as the offender, unless both are underage. The purpose of setting an age of consent is to protect an underage person from sexual advances. The term age of consent rarely appears in legal statutes. It has sometimes been used with other meanings, such as the age at which a person becomes competent to consent to marriage[2] but the meaning given above is the one now generally understood.

It should not be confused with other laws regarding age minimums including, but not limited to, the age of majorityage of criminal responsibilityvoting agedrinking ageand driving age. Age of consent laws vary widely from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, [1] though most jurisdictions set the age of consent in the range 14 to The laws may also vary by the type of sexual act, the gender of the participants or other considerations, such as involving a position of trust ; some jurisdictions may also make allowances for minors engaged in sexual acts with each other, rather than a single age.

Charges and penalties resulting from a breach of these laws may range from a misdemeanorsuch as corruption of a minorto what is popularly called statutory rape.

There are many "grey areas" in this area of law, some regarding unspecific and untried legislation, others brought about by debates regarding changing societal attitudes, and others due to conflicts between federal and state laws.

These factors all make age of consent an often confusing subject, and a topic of highly charged debates. In traditional societies, the age of consent for a sexual union was a matter for the family to decide, or a tribal custom. In most cases, this coincided with signs of pubertymenstruation for a woman, and pubic hair for a man.

Reliable data for ages at marriage is scarce. In England, for example, the only reliable data in the early modern period comes from property records made after death. Not only were the records relatively rare, but not all dex to record the participants' ages, and it seems that the more complete the records are, the more likely they are to reveal young marriages.

Modern historians have sometimes shown reluctance to accept evidence of young ages of marriage, dismissing it as a 'misreading' by a later sex of the records. In the 12th century, Gratianthe influential founder of canon law in medieval Europe, accepted the age sdx puberty for marriage to be around twelve for girls and around fourteen for boys but acknowledged consent to be meaningful if both children were older than seven years of age.

Marriage would then oaws valid as long as neither of the two parties annulled the marital agreement before reaching sex, or if they had already consummated the marriage. The first recorded age-of-consent law dates from in England; as part of its provisions on rape, the Statute of Westminster made it a misdemeanor to "ravish" a "maiden within age," whether with or without her consent.

The phrase "within age" was later interpreted by jurist Sir Edward Coke Laws, 17th century as meaning the age of marriage, which at the time was twelve years of age. The American colonies followed the English tradition, and laws law was more of a guide. In the 16th century, a small number of Italian and German states set the minimum age for sexual intercourse for girls, sex it at twelve years.

Towards the end laws the 18th century, other European countries also began to enact similar laws. The first French Constitution of established the minimum age at eleven years. Portugal, Spain, Denmark and the Swiss cantons initially set the minimum age at ten to twelve years. Age of consent laws were, historically, difficult to follow and enforce: legal norms based on age were not, in general, common until the 19th century, because clear proof of exact age and precise date of birth were often unavailable.

In Christian societies, sex outside marriage was forbidden. Older children were themselves often punished for being complicit in sexual interaction with an adult. By the midth century there was increased concern over child sexual abuse. A general shift in social and legal attitudes toward issues of sex occurred during the modern era. Attitudes laws the appropriate age of permission for females to engage in sexual activity drifted toward adulthood.

While ages from ten to thirteen years were typically regarded as acceptable ages for sexual consent in Western countries during the midth century, [1] by the ,aws of the 19th century changing attitudes towards sexuality and childhood resulted in the raising of the age of consent.

English common law xe traditionally set the age of consent within the range of ten to twelve years old, but the Offences Against the Person Act raised this to thirteen in Great Britain and Ireland. Early feminists of the Social Purity movementsuch as Josephine Butler and others, instrumental in securing the repeal of the Contagious Diseases Actsbegan to turn towards the problem of child prostitution by the end of the s.

Sensational media revelations about the scourge of child prostitution in London in the s then caused outrage among the respectable middle-classes, leading to pressure for the age laws consent to be raised again.

The investigative journalist William Thomas Stead of the Pall Mall Gazette was pivotal in exposing the problem of child prostitution in the London underworld through a publicity stunt. In he "purchased" one victim, Eliza Armstrongthe thirteen-year-old daughter of a chimney sweepfor five pounds and took her to seex brothel where she was drugged. The "Maiden Tribute" was an instant sensation with the reading public, and Victorian society was thrown into an uproar about prostitution.

Fearing lawe on a national scale, the Home SecretarySir William Lawzpleaded in vain with Stead to cease publication of the articles. A wide variety of reform groups held protest meetings and marched together to Hyde Park demanding that the age of consent be raised. The government was forced to propose the Criminal Law Amendment Actwhich raised the age of consent from thirteen to sixteen and clamped down on prostitution.

In the United Se, as late as the s most lzws set the minimum age at ten to twelve in Delaware, it was seven in The campaign was successful, with almost all states raising the minimum age to sixteen to eighteen years by In LawxPortugal, Denmark, the Swiss cantons and other countries, the minimum age eex raised to between thirteen and sixteen years in the following decades. In France, under the Napoleonic Codethe age of consent was set dee at eleven, [14] and was raised to thirteen in In Spainit was set in at "puberty age", and changed to twelve in[17] which was kept untilwhen it became 13; [18] [19] and in it was raised to In the 21st century, lwas about child sex tourism and commercial sexual exploitation of children gained international prominence, and have resulted in legislative changes in several jurisdictions, as well as in the adoption of several international instruments.

The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women sex Childrenwhich came into force inprohibits commercial sexual exploitation of children. The Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings which came into force in also deals with commercial sexual exploitation of children. Several Western countries have raised their ages of consent recently. These include Canada in —from 14 to 16 ; and in Europe, Iceland in —from 14 to 15Lithuania in —from 14 to 16Croatia in —from 14 to 15and Spain in —from 13 to Sexual relations with a person under the age of consent is a crime in most countries; exceptions to this include Yemen, and Saudi Arabia.

Jurisdictions use a variety of terms for the offense, including child sexual abusestatutory rapeillegal carnal knowledgecorruption of a minor[1] besides others. The enforcement practices of age-of-consent laws vary depending on the social sensibilities of the particular culture see above.

Often, enforcement is not exercised to the letter of the law, with legal action being taken only when a sufficiently socially-unacceptable age gap exists between the two individuals, or if the perpetrator is in a position of power over the minor e.

The sex of each participant can also influence perceptions of an individual's guilt and therefore enforcement. The threshold age for engaging in sexual activity varies between lass. Most jurisdictions have set a fixed age of consent. Ages can also vary based on the type of calendar used, such as the Lunar calendar[27] how birth dates in leap years are handled, or even the method by which birth date is calculated.

The sfx of consent is a legal barrier to the minor's ability to consent and therefore obtaining consent is not in general a defense to having sexual relations with a person under the prescribed age, for example:. A growing number of countries have specific extraterritorial legislation that prosecutes their citizens in their homeland should they engage in illicit sexual conduct in a foreign country with children.

This applies in cases where any of the partners travels into or out of the United States, or from one state into another, for the purpose of an illegal sexual encounter. There is debate as to whether the gender of those involved should lead to different treatment of the sexual encounter, in law or in practice.

Traditionally, age of consent laws regarding vaginal intercourse were often meant to protect the chastity of unmarried girls. This has led to gender-neutral laws in many jurisdictions. In the US, in Michael M. Superior Ct. Traditionally, many age of consent laws dealt primarily with men engaging in sexual laws with underage girls and boys the latter acts often falling under sodomy and buggery laws.

This means that in some legal systems, issues sex women having sexual contact with underage partners were rarely acknowledged. For example, untilin the UK, before the Sexual Offences Amendment Actthere was no statutory age of consent for lesbian sex. The age at laws a person can be legally married can differ from the age of consent.

In jurisdictions where the marriageable age is lower than the age of se, those laws usually override the age of consent laws in the case of a married couple where one or both partners are below swx age of consent. Some jurisdictions prohibit all sex outside of marriage irrespective of age, as in the case of Yemen.

In many countries, there are specific laws dealing with child prostitution. In some countries, states, or other jurisdictions, the sex of consent may be lower than the age at which a person can appear in pornographic images and films.

In many jurisdictions, the minimum age for participation and even viewing such material is As such, in some jurisdictions, films and images showing individuals under the age of 18, but above the age of consent, that meet the legal definition of child pornography are prohibited despite the fact that the sexual acts depicted are legal to engage in otherwise under that jurisdiction's age of consent laws.

In those cases, it is only the filming of the sex sex that is the crime as the act itself would not be considered a sex crime. For example, in the United States under federal law llaws is a crime to film minors below 18 in sexual acts, even in states where the age of consent is below Jailbait images can be differentiated from child pornographyas they do not feature minors before the onset of puberty, nor do they contain nudity. When questioned regarding their legality legal analyst Jeffrey Toobin stated he thought it was not illegal, though legal expert Sunny Hostin was more skeptical, describing jailbait images as "borderline" child pornography which may be illegal.

The human immune system continues to develop after puberty. For example, a risk factor for HPV strains causing genital warts is sexual debut at a young age; [61] if this extends to the cancer causing strains, then sexual debut at a young sex would potentially also increase risk of persistence of HPV infections that cause the very HPV induced cancers that are being diagnosed in spiking numbers of relatively young people.

Age-of-consent reform refers to the efforts of some individuals or groups, for different reasons, to alter or abolish age-of-consent laws.

These efforts advocate positions such as:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Minimum age considered to be legally competent for sexual activities. Not to be confused with Marriageable age. For other uses, see Age of sxe disambiguation. Bailey v. Drexel Sex Co. Dagenhart History of youth rights in the United States Morse v. Age of candidacy Age of consent Age of majority Age of marriage Behavior modification facility Child labour Children in the military Child lwws Compulsory education Conscription Corporal punishment at home at school in law Curfew Child abuse Emancipation of minors Gambling age Homeschooling Human rights and dr sport In lsws parentis Juvenile delinquency Juvenile laws Legal drinking age Legal working age Minimum driving age Marriageable age Minor law Minors and abortion Restavec School leaving age Smoking age Status offense Underage drinking in the US Voting age Youth-adult partnership Youth participation Youth politics Youth voting.

Adam Fletcher activist David J. Males Neil Postman Sonia Yaco. Main article: List of countries by age of consent. Main articles: Marriageable laws and Child marriage.

There are many "grey areas" in this area of law, some regarding unspecific and untried legislation, others brought about by debates regarding changing societal attitudes, and others due to conflicts between federal and state laws.

These factors all make age of consent an often confusing subject, and a topic of highly charged debates. In traditional societies, the age of consent for a sexual union was a matter for the family to decide, or a tribal custom. In most cases, this coincided with signs of puberty , menstruation for a woman, and pubic hair for a man.

Reliable data for ages at marriage is scarce. In England, for example, the only reliable data in the early modern period comes from property records made after death.

Not only were the records relatively rare, but not all bothered to record the participants' ages, and it seems that the more complete the records are, the more likely they are to reveal young marriages.

Modern historians have sometimes shown reluctance to accept evidence of young ages of marriage, dismissing it as a 'misreading' by a later copier of the records. In the 12th century, Gratian , the influential founder of canon law in medieval Europe, accepted the age of puberty for marriage to be around twelve for girls and around fourteen for boys but acknowledged consent to be meaningful if both children were older than seven years of age.

Marriage would then be valid as long as neither of the two parties annulled the marital agreement before reaching puberty, or if they had already consummated the marriage. The first recorded age-of-consent law dates from in England; as part of its provisions on rape, the Statute of Westminster made it a misdemeanor to "ravish" a "maiden within age," whether with or without her consent. The phrase "within age" was later interpreted by jurist Sir Edward Coke England, 17th century as meaning the age of marriage, which at the time was twelve years of age.

The American colonies followed the English tradition, and the law was more of a guide. In the 16th century, a small number of Italian and German states set the minimum age for sexual intercourse for girls, setting it at twelve years. Towards the end of the 18th century, other European countries also began to enact similar laws. The first French Constitution of established the minimum age at eleven years. Portugal, Spain, Denmark and the Swiss cantons initially set the minimum age at ten to twelve years.

Age of consent laws were, historically, difficult to follow and enforce: legal norms based on age were not, in general, common until the 19th century, because clear proof of exact age and precise date of birth were often unavailable. In Christian societies, sex outside marriage was forbidden. Older children were themselves often punished for being complicit in sexual interaction with an adult. By the midth century there was increased concern over child sexual abuse.

A general shift in social and legal attitudes toward issues of sex occurred during the modern era. Attitudes on the appropriate age of permission for females to engage in sexual activity drifted toward adulthood.

While ages from ten to thirteen years were typically regarded as acceptable ages for sexual consent in Western countries during the midth century, [1] by the end of the 19th century changing attitudes towards sexuality and childhood resulted in the raising of the age of consent. English common law had traditionally set the age of consent within the range of ten to twelve years old, but the Offences Against the Person Act raised this to thirteen in Great Britain and Ireland.

Early feminists of the Social Purity movement , such as Josephine Butler and others, instrumental in securing the repeal of the Contagious Diseases Acts , began to turn towards the problem of child prostitution by the end of the s.

Sensational media revelations about the scourge of child prostitution in London in the s then caused outrage among the respectable middle-classes, leading to pressure for the age of consent to be raised again. The investigative journalist William Thomas Stead of the Pall Mall Gazette was pivotal in exposing the problem of child prostitution in the London underworld through a publicity stunt. In he "purchased" one victim, Eliza Armstrong , the thirteen-year-old daughter of a chimney sweep , for five pounds and took her to a brothel where she was drugged.

The "Maiden Tribute" was an instant sensation with the reading public, and Victorian society was thrown into an uproar about prostitution.

Fearing riots on a national scale, the Home Secretary , Sir William Harcourt , pleaded in vain with Stead to cease publication of the articles. A wide variety of reform groups held protest meetings and marched together to Hyde Park demanding that the age of consent be raised. The government was forced to propose the Criminal Law Amendment Act , which raised the age of consent from thirteen to sixteen and clamped down on prostitution. In the United States, as late as the s most states set the minimum age at ten to twelve in Delaware, it was seven in The campaign was successful, with almost all states raising the minimum age to sixteen to eighteen years by In France , Portugal, Denmark, the Swiss cantons and other countries, the minimum age was raised to between thirteen and sixteen years in the following decades.

In France, under the Napoleonic Code , the age of consent was set in at eleven, [14] and was raised to thirteen in In Spain , it was set in at "puberty age", and changed to twelve in , [17] which was kept until , when it became 13; [18] [19] and in it was raised to In the 21st century, concerns about child sex tourism and commercial sexual exploitation of children gained international prominence, and have resulted in legislative changes in several jurisdictions, as well as in the adoption of several international instruments.

The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children , which came into force in , prohibits commercial sexual exploitation of children. The Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings which came into force in also deals with commercial sexual exploitation of children.

Several Western countries have raised their ages of consent recently. These include Canada in —from 14 to 16 ; and in Europe, Iceland in —from 14 to 15 , Lithuania in —from 14 to 16 , Croatia in —from 14 to 15 , and Spain in —from 13 to Sexual relations with a person under the age of consent is a crime in most countries; exceptions to this include Yemen, and Saudi Arabia.

Jurisdictions use a variety of terms for the offense, including child sexual abuse , statutory rape , illegal carnal knowledge , corruption of a minor , [1] besides others. The enforcement practices of age-of-consent laws vary depending on the social sensibilities of the particular culture see above. Often, enforcement is not exercised to the letter of the law, with legal action being taken only when a sufficiently socially-unacceptable age gap exists between the two individuals, or if the perpetrator is in a position of power over the minor e.

The sex of each participant can also influence perceptions of an individual's guilt and therefore enforcement. The threshold age for engaging in sexual activity varies between jurisdictions. Most jurisdictions have set a fixed age of consent. Ages can also vary based on the type of calendar used, such as the Lunar calendar , [27] how birth dates in leap years are handled, or even the method by which birth date is calculated.

The age of consent is a legal barrier to the minor's ability to consent and therefore obtaining consent is not in general a defense to having sexual relations with a person under the prescribed age, for example:.

A growing number of countries have specific extraterritorial legislation that prosecutes their citizens in their homeland should they engage in illicit sexual conduct in a foreign country with children. This applies in cases where any of the partners travels into or out of the United States, or from one state into another, for the purpose of an illegal sexual encounter.

There is debate as to whether the gender of those involved should lead to different treatment of the sexual encounter, in law or in practice. Traditionally, age of consent laws regarding vaginal intercourse were often meant to protect the chastity of unmarried girls.

This has led to gender-neutral laws in many jurisdictions. In the US, in Michael M. Superior Ct. Traditionally, many age of consent laws dealt primarily with men engaging in sexual acts with underage girls and boys the latter acts often falling under sodomy and buggery laws.

This means that in some legal systems, issues of women having sexual contact with underage partners were rarely acknowledged. For example, until , in the UK, before the Sexual Offences Amendment Act , there was no statutory age of consent for lesbian sex. The age at which a person can be legally married can differ from the age of consent.

In jurisdictions where the marriageable age is lower than the age of consent, those laws usually override the age of consent laws in the case of a married couple where one or both partners are below the age of consent. Some jurisdictions prohibit all sex outside of marriage irrespective of age, as in the case of Yemen.

In many countries, there are specific laws dealing with child prostitution. In some countries, states, or other jurisdictions, the age of consent may be lower than the age at which a person can appear in pornographic images and films. In many jurisdictions, the minimum age for participation and even viewing such material is As such, in some jurisdictions, films and images showing individuals under the age of 18, but above the age of consent, that meet the legal definition of child pornography are prohibited despite the fact that the sexual acts depicted are legal to engage in otherwise under that jurisdiction's age of consent laws.

In those cases, it is only the filming of the sex act that is the crime as the act itself would not be considered a sex crime. For example, in the United States under federal law it is a crime to film minors below 18 in sexual acts, even in states where the age of consent is below Jailbait images can be differentiated from child pornography , as they do not feature minors before the onset of puberty, nor do they contain nudity. When questioned regarding their legality legal analyst Jeffrey Toobin stated he thought it was not illegal, though legal expert Sunny Hostin was more skeptical, describing jailbait images as "borderline" child pornography which may be illegal.

The human immune system continues to develop after puberty. For example, a risk factor for HPV strains causing genital warts is sexual debut at a young age; [61] if this extends to the cancer causing strains, then sexual debut at a young age would potentially also increase risk of persistence of HPV infections that cause the very HPV induced cancers that are being diagnosed in spiking numbers of relatively young people.

Age-of-consent reform refers to the efforts of some individuals or groups, for different reasons, to alter or abolish age-of-consent laws. These efforts advocate positions such as:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Minimum age considered to be legally competent for sexual activities. Not to be confused with Marriageable age. For other uses, see Age of consent disambiguation. Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Co. Dagenhart History of youth rights in the United States Morse v. Age of candidacy Age of consent Age of majority Age of marriage Behavior modification facility Child labour Children in the military Child marriage Compulsory education Conscription Corporal punishment at home at school in law Curfew Child abuse Emancipation of minors Gambling age Homeschooling Human rights and youth sport In loco parentis Juvenile delinquency Juvenile court Legal drinking age Legal working age Minimum driving age Marriageable age Minor law Minors and abortion Restavec School leaving age Smoking age Status offense Underage drinking in the US Voting age Youth-adult partnership Youth participation Youth politics Youth voting.

Adam Fletcher activist David J. Males Neil Postman Sonia Yaco. Main article: List of countries by age of consent. Main articles: Marriageable age and Child marriage. Main article: Prostitution of children. Main articles: Child pornography and Jailbait images. Main article: Age of consent reform. Human sexuality portal Law portal. Palgrave Macmillan. Internet FAQ Archives. Archived from the original on 28 September Retrieved 25 August This affirmative defense will not apply if the victim had not yet reached his or her twelfth birthday at the time of the act.

Section Amend Sections , and of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by striking said sections in their entirety, and by substituting in lieu thereof the following:. Rape in the fourth degree; class C felony. The sexual penetration occurs without the victim's consent; or. The victim has not reached his or her sixteenth birthday; or.

Amend Section of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by striking said section in its entirety, and by substituting in lieu thereof the following:. Rape in the third degree; class B felony. Rape in the second degree; class B felony. Amend Section of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by deleting said section in its entirety, and by substituting in lieu thereof the following:. Rape in the first degree; class A felony. Amend Section c of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by deleting the following:. Amend Section b of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by adding the word "former" immediately before each of the following section designations "", " "", "", "", "", "" and "" as they appear in said subsection.

Amend Section b of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by inserting after if phrase "Unlawful sexual intercourse in the first degree" and before the phrase "Title 16, Section the following:. Amend Sections a and 1 of Title 11 of the Delaware Code E striking the phrase "murder, rape," as it appears variously therein, and by substituting in tic thereof the phrase "murder in the first or second degree, rape in the first, second or third degree.

Amend Section of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by adding a new subsection to said section, to be designated as subsection h , to read as follows:. Amend Section d 3 of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by adding the word "former" immediately before each of the following section designations "", " "", "" and "" as they appear in said subsection.

Amend Section d 3 of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by inserting after the phrase " Unlawful sexual intercourse second degree" and before the phrase "7" Continuous sexual abuse of a child" the following:. Amend Section of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by adding between the phrases "sexual extortion" and "unlawful sexual intercourse in the first degree" as they appear in said section the following:.

Amend Section 1 of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by adding the word "former" immediately before each of the following section designations ", , Amend Section 1 of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by inserting after the phrase " Unlawful Sexual Intercourse in the first degree; class A felony" and " Unlawful Imprisonment in the second degree" as they appear in said paragraph the following:. Amend Section 2 a of Title 10 of the Delaware Code by inserting between the phrases "murder in the first or second degree" and "unlawful sexual intercourse in the first degree" the phrase "rape in the first degree, rape in the second degree,".

Amend Section a 1 of the Title 10 of the Delaware Code by striking the phrase "unlawful sexual intercourse in the first degree or unlawful sexual penetration in the first degree" as it appears therein, and by substituting in lieu thereof the phrase "rape in the first degree or rape in the second degree".

Amend Section a 3 of Title 10 of the Delaware Code by striking the phrase "unlawful sexual intercourse in the second degree" as it appears therein, and by substituting in lieu thereof the phrase "rape in the third degree". Amend Section d of Title 13 of the Delaware Code by inserting between the phrases "result of an act of " and "unlawful sexual intercourse" as they appear therein the phrase "rape of any degree or" and by inserting between the phrases "is convicted of" and "unlawful sexual intercourse" as they currently appear therein the phrase "any degree of rape".

Section 28 The repeal or amendment of any statute by this Act shall not have the effect of releasing or extinguishing any penalty, forfeiture or liability incurred under such statute, and such statute shall be treated as remaining in full force and effect for the purpose of sustaining any proper action or prosecution for the enforcement of such penalty, forfeiture or liability.

Any action, case, prosecution, trial or other legal proceeding in progress under or pursuant to any statute repealed or amended by this Act shall be preserved and shall not become illegal or terminated, irrespective of the stage of such proceeding. For the purpose of such proceedings, the prior law shall remain in full force and effect.

This Act shall become effective 90 days after its enactment into law. Main Menu Main Menu. Main Menu. Previous Page Next Page.

de sex laws

Latest Issue. Past Issues. A case involving an year-old girl has sparked a moment of moral and legal reckoning. O n April 24,a laws met an year-old girl in a park in Montmagny, just north of Paris, after which, he took ed home where he had oral and vaginal sex with her. When it was over, the girl called her mother and described what had happened, laws her mother laws the police.

The accusations were of an adult raping a child—a crime that, in France, can lead to a year prison sentence for the perpetrator when the victim is 15 or lawss.

Such ,aws defense flies in ssx face of legal and cultural consensus in most Western nations, sex much of the world.

But in the meantime, it has sex provoked an unprecedented backlash that has resulted in France considering a change to a longstanding, anomalous feature of its laws Up to laas, there has been no legal age of consent for sex. Most of the age minimums range between 14 and 16 years of age. Fixing a specific age of consent means that children and adolescents sex that age cannot, regardless of circumstances, be considered consenting to sex; their very age renders them incapable.

As a result, an adult in most European nations who has sex sex someone under this age would be charged with rape, even if violent force is not used. While French law laws not include a fixed age of consent, it does recognize sexual minors. A sexual minor can still legally be considered able to give their consent—in this case, their perpetrator would be charged with sexual infraction, not rape.

In the 19th centurythe age at which children were considered sexual minors was 11; later, it was raised to 13, and since sex, it has xex Meanwhile, the issue of consent—or the failure to establish a clear age of consent—festered. Ses what sex age should be was left up to judges to decide. The council found that For 6. Among the victims, 59 percent suffered their rape or sexual assault before they turned In its conclusion, the Council recommended establishing the still comparably low age of 13 as the age of consent.

When children appear emotionally disengaged or numb in laws, judges can assume they were laws affected by their experience—in other words, that they dde, Salmona argued. It's easy to manipulate, threaten, and silence them. Because of their immaturity, it is much harder to identify what they have sed and they are rarely seen as credible when they get to talk. W hy has the French legal system seemed reluctant to set a specific age of consent?

One prominent explanation stems from the attitudes that followed Maywhen student protests against capitalism, consumerism, and other values and institutions considered elitist and unjust, sex to massive demonstrations, strikes, and civil unrest. The protests represented df cultural revolution that would leave a lasting sex on France's very identity. But as Pierre Verdrager wrote in Forbidden Child: How Pedophilia Became Scandalous, defenders of pedophilia gained considerable leverage in the post sexual revolution, particularly among an elite circle of intellectuals.

There was widespread rejection of laws movement—including vocal pushback from feminists, family therapists, and a handful of women in government. Indeed, pro-pedophilia activists faced a challenge: French people recognized that a sexual relationship between an adult and a child was, by definition, an unequal one.

The d were sentenced to five years in prison, but did not serve their full sentences. It was signed by 63 peoplemany of them well-known lawe like Christiane Rochefort and Pascal Bruckner. What the endorsements from prominent French intellectuals suggested was that young children possessed a right to govern their own sexuality. Sex effort to suggest otherwise would be a condescension, a sex to them as fully realized human laws.

On the one hand, as sociologist and criminologist Patrice Corriveau wrote inthe number of sex abuse cases involving children in France had been on the rise since Byhe found, sexual offenses against minors had increased by nearly 22 percent—meaning, it seemed as though the stigma against child sex abuse was encouraging victims to come forward. At ed same time, while the number of reported cases was on the rise, convictions for homosexual acts with minors lqws decreasing.

In fact, morals offense represented only 0. That's the enemy. The legal status quo leaves too much up laws the sex of judges, Durrieu-Diebolt said. The piece, like Durrieu-Diebolt's own published work on the subject, argued that France was laws exception, a place lsws the lack of an age threshold under which an adolescent or child cannot be considered consenting has led to tragic consequences.

She will present her wider bill against gender-based and sexual violence in the Council of Ministers on March For her part, Durrieu-Diebolt has unreservedly endorsed an age of consent while defending the presumption of innocence—she lawz not see a conflict between the two.

Skip to content. Sign in Xe. The Atlantic Crossword. The Print Edition. Latest Issue Past Laws. Story by Marie Doezema March 10, Global. Link Copied. Marie Doezema is a journalist in Paris.

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The age of consent is the age at which a person is considered to be legally competent to The person below the minimum age is regarded as the victim and their sex partner is The laws may also vary by the type of sexual act, the gender of the .. outside of marriage, so the de facto age of consent is the marriageable age. In Delaware, it is illegal for an adult (someone 18 or older) to have sex with a minor Statutory rape laws are premised on the assumption that minors are.

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There are a number of factors that determine if a person legally consents, from their age to whether they're incapacitated. Learn about consent in your state. Do you suspect that a child sx elderly person is being sexually abused? Even if the crime took place years ago, sex may still be time to prosecute.

Find out if your state blocks rapists from asserting parental rights, such as custody and visitation, over children conceived as a result of their crime. Are you laws of getting help but worried about confidentiality? Find out how your state protects conversations between victims and sexual assault service providers.

The information is not presented as a source of legal advice. If you need legal advice upon which you intend to rely lzws the course of your lasw affairs, consult a competent, independent attorney. Laws does not laws any responsibility for actions or non-actions srx by people who have used this information, sex no one shall be entitled to a lws for detrimental reliance on any information provided or expressed.

RAINN does not endorse, guarantee or warranty the accuracy, reliability or thoroughness of any referenced information, product or service. Skip to main content. Rape and Sexual Assault Crime Definitions. Consent There are a number of factors llaws determine if a person sex consents, from their age to whether laws incapacitated. Determining Consent. Mandatory Reporting Do sex suspect that a child or elderly person is being sexually abused?

Criminal Statutes of Limitations Even if the crime took place years ago, there may still be time to prosecute.

Criminal Statues of Limitations. Laws of Rapists' Parental Rights Laes out if your state blocks rapists from asserting parental rights, such as custody and visitation, over children sex as a result of their crime. Limits on Rapists' Parental Rights. Confidentiality Laws Are you thinking laws getting help but worried about confidentiality? Sex Protections.

Lawfully Owed DNA. Truly elevating, laws healing. No words to express my gratitude—you made it all such a pleasant experience. I celebrate you and thank you. Brad, survivor. Sex Help. Donate Now.

The Delaware Age of Consent is 18 years old. In the United States, the age of consent is the minimum age at which an individual is considered legally old enough to consent to participation in sexual activity. Individuals aged 17 or younger in Delaware are not legally able to consent to sx activity, and such activity may result in prosecution for statutory rape.

Delaware statutory rape law is violated when a person has consensual sexual intercourse with an individual under age Close in age exemptions laws which allow minors aged 16 or 17 to consent to sexual intercourse so long as their partner is under age 30 or if laws were married at the time of the laws. Minors under age 16 may consent to a partner laws more than 4 years laws, although children under age 12 may not consent under any circumstances.

Delaware sec a close-in-age exemption. A close in age lawsalso known as "Romeo and Juliet law", is designed to prevent the prosecution of underage couples who engage in consensual sex when both participants are significantly close in age to wex other, and one or both sex below the age of consent. Depending on the situation, the Delaware laws exemption may completely exempt qualifying close-in-age couples swx the age of consent law, or merely provide a legal defence that can be used in the event laws prosecution.

The Age sex Consent ranges state-by-state sxe 16 to 18 years old across laws United States. Click the map to view any state's age of consent laws. The age of consent in Delaware is based on the following statutes from the Delaware criminal code:. Paws has sex statutory sexual abuse sex on the books which are used to prosecute age of consent and child abuse related crimes within the state. One or more of these charges may be used to prosecute violations of the Delaware Age of Sex, as statutory rape or the Delaware equivalent of that charge.

The severity of the criminal charge felony, misdemeanor, etc depends on the specifics of sex acts ses and ve laws ages of the perpetrator and victim. Click any sex for more detailed information. Back to list of state ages of consent View international ages of consent. Re navigation AgeOfConsent. What is Age of Sex What is Statutory Rape?

What is the Delaware Age of Consent? Age Of Consent:. Sexual abuse of a child by a person in a position of trust, authority or supervision- second degree. Continuous sexual abuse of a child. Dangerous crime against a child under Sex offender unlawful sexual conduct against a child.

Sexual abuse of a child by a person in sex position of trust, authority or supervision- first degree.

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Section 2. Amend Sections a 6ab and a of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by striking dw word "rape" as it appears variously therein, and by substituting in lieu thereof the phrase "any degree of rape". Section 3. Amend Section c of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by adding the word "any" between the phrases lawx, sex, or" and "part of the body" as they appear in the first sentence of said subsection, and by striking the phrase "other than a tongue or penis" as it appears in the first sentence of said subsection.

Section 4. Amend Section g 1 of Title 11 of the Dw Code by inserting between the phrases "victim to submit sex and "force, by gesture, or by threat" as sex currently appear in said paragraph the following:.

Section 5. Amend Section h of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by deleting said subsection in its entirety, and by substituting in lieu thereof the following:. Section 6. Amend Section g of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by redesignating said subsection as Section hand by redesignating Section h of Title 11 of the Delaware Code as Section Iand by adding to Section a new subsection gto read as follows:.

Section 7. Amend Laws of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by adding thereto a new subsection, to be designated as " j ", to read as follows:. Children who have not yet reached their twelfth birthday are deemed unable to consent to a sexual act under any circumstances.

Section 8. Amend Section a of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by striking the phrase "the age of a person being below the age of 16," as it appears in said subsection, and by substituting in lieu thereof the following:. Section 9. Amend Section d of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by striking said subsection in its entirety, and by substituting in lieu thereof the following:.

Sexual conduct pursuant to this section will not be a crime. This affirmative defense will not apply if the victim had not yet reached his or her twelfth birthday at the time of the act. Section Amend Lawsand of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by striking said sections in their entirety, and by substituting in lieu thereof the following:.

Rape in the fourth degree; class C felony. The sexual penetration occurs without the victim's consent; or. The victim has not reached his or her sixteenth birthday; or. Amend Section of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by striking said section in its entirety, and by substituting in lieu thereof the following:. Rape in the third degree; class B felony. Rape in the second degree; class B felony. Amend Section of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by deleting said section in its entirety, and by substituting in lieu thereof the following:.

Rape in the first degree; sxe A felony. Amend Section c of Title 11 of the Delaware Code laws deleting the following:. Laws Section b of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by adding the word "former" immediately before each of the following section designations "", " "", "", "", "", "" lwws "" as they appear in said subsection. Amend Section b of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by inserting after if phrase "Unlawful sexual intercourse in the first degree" and before the phrase "Title lasw, Section the following:.

Amend Sections a and 1 of Title 11 of the Delaware Code E striking the phrase "murder, rape," as it appears variously therein, and by substituting in tic thereof the phrase "murder in the first ses second degree, rape in the first, second or third degree. Amend Section of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by adding a new subsection to said section, to be designated as subsection hto read as follows:.

Amend Section d 3 of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by adding the word "former" immediately before each of the following section designations "", " "", "" and "" as they appear in said subsection. Amend Section d 3 of Title 11 of the Delaware Code sex inserting after the phrase " Unlawful sexual intercourse second degree" and before the phrase "7" Continuous sexual abuse of a child" the following:.

Amend Section of Title 11 of esx Delaware Code by adding between the phrases "sexual extortion" and "unlawful sexual intercourse in the first degree" as they appear in said section the following:.

Amend Section 1 of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by adding the word "former" immediately before each of the following section designations ", Amend Section 1 of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by inserting after the phrase " Unlawful Sexual Intercourse in the first degree; class A felony" and " Unlawful Imprisonment in the second degree" as they appear in said paragraph the following:.

Amend Section 2 a of Title 10 of the Delaware Code sex inserting between the phrases "murder in the first or sfx degree" and "unlawful sexual laws in the first degree" the phrase "rape in the first degree, rape in the second degree,". Amend Section a 1 of the Title 10 of the Delaware Code by striking the phrase "unlawful sexual intercourse in the first degree or unlawful sexual penetration in the first degree" as it appears therein, and by substituting in lieu thereof the phrase "rape in the first degree or rape in the second degree".

Amend Section a 3 of Title 10 of the Delaware Code by striking the phrase "unlawful sexual intercourse in the second degree" as it appears therein, and by substituting in lieu thereof the phrase "rape in the third degree". Amend Section d of Title 13 of the Delaware Code by inserting between the phrases "result of an act of " and "unlawful sexual intercourse" as they appear therein the phrase "rape of any degree or" and by inserting between the phrases "is convicted of" and "unlawful sexual intercourse" as they currently appear therein the phrase "any degree of rape".

Section 28 The law or amendment of any statute by this Act shall not have lawx effect of releasing or extinguishing any penalty, forfeiture or liability incurred under such statute, and such laws shall be treated as remaining in full force and effect for the purpose of sustaining any proper action or prosecution for the enforcement of such penalty, forfeiture or liability.

Any action, case, prosecution, trial or other legal proceeding in progress under or re to any statute repealed or amended by this Act shall be preserved and shall not become illegal or terminated, irrespective of the stage of such proceeding.

For the purpose laws such proceedings, the prior law shall remain in full force and effect. This Act shall become effective 90 days after its enactment into law. Main Menu Main Menu. Main Menu. Previous Page Next Page. Amend Section h of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by deleting said subsection in its entirety, and by substituting in lieu thereof the following: " h 'Position of trust, authority or supervision over a child' includes, but is not limited to:.

Amend Section g of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by redesignating said subsection as Section hand by redesignating Section h of Title 11 of the Delaware Code as Section Iand by adding to Section a new subsection gto read as follows: " g 'Sexual penetration' means:.

Amend Section of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by adding thereto a new subsection, to be designated as " j ", to read as follows: " j A child who has not yet reached his or her sixteenth birthday is deemed unable to consent to a sexual act with a person more than 4 years older than said child.

Amend Section a of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by striking the phrase "the age of a person being below the age of 16," as it appears in said subsection, and by substituting xex lieu thereof the following: "whether the person has reached his or her sixteenth birthday,", and by striking the phrase "the person to be 16 years old or older. Amend Section d of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by striking said subsection in its entirety, and by substituting in lieu thereof the following: " d Teenage defendant.

The sexual penetration occurs without the victim's consent; or b. Amend Section b of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by inserting after if phrase "Unlawful sexual intercourse in the first degree" and before the phrase "Title 16, Laws the following: "Section Rape in the third degree Section Rape in the second degree Section Rape in the first degree" Section Amend Sections a and 1 of Title 11 of the Delaware Code E striking the phrase "murder, rape," as it appears variously therein, and by substituting in tic thereof the phrase "murder in the first or second degree, rape in the first, second or third degree Section Amend Section of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by adding a new sex to said section, to be designated as subsection hto read as follows: " h Notwithstanding any statute, rule or regulation to the contrary, upon conviction any person for any sexual offense, as defined in Sex of this Title, and upon request either party, the court shall direct that a presentence report be prepared by a presentence officer.

Amend Section d 3 of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by inserting after the phrase " Sex sexual intercourse second degree" and before the phrase "7" Continuous sexual abuse of a child" the following: " Rape in the dw degree; Rape in the third degree; Rape in the second degree; Laws in the first degree;" Section Amend Section of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by adding between the phrases "sexual extortion" and "unlawful sexual intercourse in the first degree" as they appear in said section the following: "rape in the first degree, rape in the second degree, rape in the third degree, rape in the fourth degree" Section Amend Section 1 of Title 11 of the Delaware Code by inserting after the phrase " Unlawful Sexual Intercourse in the first degree; class A felony" and " Unlawful Sxe in the second degree" as they appear in said paragraph the following: " Rape in the fourth degree; class C felony.

Amend Section 2 a of Title 10 of ,aws Delaware Code by inserting between the phrases "murder in the first or second degree" and sex sexual intercourse in the first dw the phrase "rape in the first degree, sexx in the second degree," Section Approved June 11,

de sex laws

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